What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is the growth of the uterine tissue outside the uterus abnormally, found in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, intestines, bladder, rectum and up into the lungs. Generally, endometrial tumors are not malignant or cancerous, only one kind of normal tissue outside its normal place. It is these kinds of medical technology innovations that have allowed us to understand the causes and also the solutions, it is also why having egg banks for those affected are so critical.


Symptoms of endometriosis

Women with endometriosis may have painful menstrual periods, internal bleeding, and inflammation, abortions, pain during intercourse, painful bowel movements, diarrhea or constipation, painful urination and urinary problems, chronic fatigue, low resistance to infections, allergies, frequent, especially during menstruation. Endometriosis is a cause of infertility. Recently it was shown that one of the causes of infertility is because the liquid within the tube becomes very viscous and sperm swim much slower in patients with endometriosis. Also reported the toxicity to embryos and implantation increases failures.

Causes of endometriosis

The causes of endometriosis are unknown. Explanations include genetic causes, autoimmune disorder, menstrual backflow, birth defect, endometrial tissue distribution through the blood and lymphatic system, environmental pollution (by consumption of sanitary napkins, tampons and bleached coffee filters dioxin and derivatives).

It is difficult to diagnose. In order to confirm the diagnosis of endometriosis is laparoscopy, a medical technological advancement allows for minor surgical procedure done under anesthesia. The patient’s abdomen is distended with carbon dioxide to make it easier to see the organs, then a small incision in the abdomen, we introduce the laparoscope (a tube like a tiny telescope). Moving the laparoscope the doctor can examine the condition of the abdominal organs and directly observe the presence of endometriosis.

Endometriosis can disappear at menopause, although some may continue. One medical treatment of endometriosis that has evolved from recent health technology innovations involve taking ovulation disrupting hormones for as long as possible, making the disease into remission for a period of treatment, and sometimes for months or even years later. Surgery may also be conservative or not, and laparoscopy to remove abnormal growths, but may return. Pregnancy also contributes to remission of symptoms.

Photo Credit: US Army Africa